White Rocks, on the Ute reservation, in about 1912.
In 1905 the opening of large portions of the Uintah Indian Reservation to white settlement led to the founding of more than a dozen towns in the Uinta Basin.
Some resentful Utes reacted to this betrayal by trying to call upon the Sioux Indians for help. Their trek to South Dakota in 1906-1908 ended in failure and a deep sense of loss.
In San Juan County, conflicts were centered on grazing rights to public lands. This led to the so-called Posey War of 1923.
San Juan County made concessions to Indian grazing rights, and after that the "Indian problem" lay quietly buried on the reservation until mid-century.
The story of the relationship between the federal government and Utah's American Indian tribes is complex and can't be told in a brief web page. In many cases it is the story of of the government breaking faith with the tribes. However, in the late 20th century and beyond, tribes have successfully fought for their rights by raising political awareness and by working within the legal system.